The most common injuries among weightlifters are to the spine, shoulders and knees. Keeping your spine in a neutral position — with three natural curves in your neck, upper back and lower back — will help protect you from these injuries. When held steady, it is the safest and strongest position for your spine.
Squats, Deadlifts and Kettlebell Swings Safety
These are three excellent weight lifing exercises. However, can lead to back injuries if you don’t maintain good form. Follow these tips to avoid the ache:
Few exercises work as many muscles as a squat does. They target the muscles in your lower back, glutes, hamstrings and quadriceps. They can even involve your calves, shoulders and core. The key to prevent injury while performing this exercise is to avoid rounding your lower back. Keep your chest up and bend your knees. Reach back with your glutes, as if you were sitting in a chair. This will preserve your spine’s natural curve.
The deadlift is a double-edged sword. When done properly, it’s one of the best exercises to build a strong back. But when done incorrectly, it can cause low back injuries. Keep your lower back neutral and the bar close to you, to strengthen the muscles around your spine, avoiding possible injuries. Before you begin, you should know that hip hinging is the key to success when deadlifting. To hinge your hip, bend forward at your hips, while keeping your spine in a neutral position. Imagine there’s a wall a couple of feet behind you and try to touch your glutes to it. This forces you to hinge at your hips, instead of overusing your knees. Remember to lift your chest – it’s the easiest way to ensure you don’t hunch over or round your back.
This exercise is perfect for overcoming the negative effects of sitting. It’s like putting WD-40 on your joints! It’s also a great way to teach proper technique for hip hinging, which is crucial for both squats and deadlifts. The best way to avoid injury is to keep your spine in a neutral position and only swing the kettlebell as far up as shoulder level. Some exercises (e.g. a kettlebell snatch) will have you swing higher than your shoulders but keeping it at shoulder height makes it easier to keep your spine in neutral position. If you swing any higher it can make it difficult to avoid shrugging, which can lead to shoulder issues.
CrossFit is a great way to stay active and push yourself in ways you may not experience with a traditional gym routine. However, many of the movements may feel unfamiliar. So stay alert when first starting. People often modify traditional exercises in CrossFit. To get the best results, you should start light and ask trained professionals to guide you through the learning process. The clean and jerk is a common Olympic lift used in CrossFit. Here are some basic tips you can follow to avoid back pain while doing it:
The easiest way to complete this exercise is to think of it as a combination of a deadlift and a squat.
Here’s how you can do the clean safely:
- Perform a deadlift to bring the bar to your hip/thigh level.
- Using an explosive hip drive forward, push the bar away from your hips and use your arms to flip the bar and guide it upwards.
- As the bar travels upwards, assume a quick squat to catch the bar onto your shoulders where it can rest.
- Once caught on your shoulders, stand tall.
- To avoid back injuries, maintain a neutral spine throughout this movement. Remember that a hip drive is the key to success with this exercise, not throwing your back or pulling the bar with your arms.
The most common trap you can fall into when doing the jerk is relying on your arms or shoulders to throw the bar overhead.
Here’s how you can do the jerk safely:
- Use your hips to drive the bar upwards with a mini explosive squat movement to get the bar up off your shoulders.
- Use your arms to guide the bar up as you quickly squat down to get the bar over your head.
- Once the bar is in the overhead position, avoid overarching your lower back and stand tall.
Follow These Five Weight Lifting Tips
- Start Light – Good form is harder with heavier weights, so master the technique first. Practice the movements with light weights until your confidence grows.
- Pick Up Weights Correctly – Many gym-goers have great form when performing the exercises but not when picking up or putting down weights. Injuries can occur in this transition. To protect yourself, stay focused on this task.
- Keep Going – The best way to get better at lifting is to keep lifting.
- Be Patient – Good things come to those who wait. Your training may progress slowly but don’t let that deter you. Work with a coach or trainer to develop a plan that will work best for your needs.
- Visit a Chiropractor – Do you have existing conditions that may limit the activities you tackle? Talk to your chiropractor about exercises that will be best for your condition and which movements you may want to avoid. If you do get injured, a chiropractor can assess, diagnose and develop a treatment plan for your recovery.
Source: Ontario Chiropractic Association